This article will describe the elements of the Vertical Cross Section Chart that you see in Graphical PDF briefings.
The image below is an example of a typical Vertical Cross Section Chart that you will get in a Graphical PDF briefing. The chart is always read from left to right like a graph. The left side will show the flight levels from the surface to your highest planned altitude, plus at least 2000 thousands of feet.
The bottom of the chart is divided into 15 sections. These sections do not correspond to waypoints on the flight plan. Instead, they are evenly divided so as to show the entire route in 15 separate sections.
The top header of the Vertical Cross Section Chart displays the chart name where the weather data was gathered from (in this case Weather Decision Technologies - WDT) the date and time of when the data source was gathered and the time the chart was generated in the briefing.
Image 1. Typical Vertical Cross Section Chart.
The Tropopause altitude is displayed on the chart. At the top is a textual description of the Tropopause altitude as a flight level. There is also a red dashed line that shows the Tropopause altitude relative to your flight path.
Image 2. Tropopause altitude.
Direction of Flight
At the top, you will see arrows with a line that bisects the arrow. Those icons represent the direction of North relative to your direction of flight for that leg segment.
Image 3. North indicators relative to the direction of flight for the leg.
Throughout the chart, are wind barbs. They are displayed as wind direction relative to your direction of flight. On the chart, the direction of flight is from left to right.
Image 4. Wind barbs show the direction of the wind relative to an aircraft traveling left to right.
Each short barb represents 5 knots, each long barb 10 knots. A long barb and a short barb is 15 knots, simply by adding the value of each barb together (10 knots + 5 knots = 15 knots). Pennants are 50 knots. If only a single line is plotted, the winds are calm.
The blue curves with a bisecting line are icing severity indicators. As bisecting lines are added, the icing severity increases. The icing severity icons represent trace, light, moderate, and severe icing.
Image 5. Icing severity icons.
The colored boxes refer to areas of turbulence. Turbulence coloration is based on the turbulence EDR scale. The scale can be found at the bottom of the chart. Each colored turbulence box displays a turbulence EDR value in the lower right corner.
Image 6. Areas of turbulence.
Image 7. Turbulence EDR scale and values in the boxes.
Each box will have a temperature value shown. The temperature is written in degrees Celcius and is a negative value unless it is prefixed with a "+" symbol.
Image 8. Temperatures are written in degrees negative Celcius.
The highest terrain along your route of flight (+0.1 degree LAT/LON) is shown as a dark-green background in each block.
Image 9. The terrain is shown in dark-green.